Elon University Home

Category Archives: discussion

Improving in-class discussion using Moodle tools – part 1

Ghost town signGuest post by Moodlerooms – Elon’s Moodle partner.

Focusing on the principles of priming, integrating and reinforcing, this two part series will introduce you to some low threshold applications of Moodle, taking your in-class discussions from ghost town to boomtown.

Today, we’re offering some tips and tricks on how to better prepare students to actively engage in discussions using five Moodle tools.

Reading response

When you’re trying to kick-off off a new discussion, such as a reading response, try using Moodle’s Assignment module. This feature enables teachers to assign, collect, and review students’ work. They can also provide feedback and grades on the assignment quickly and easily. This method accomplishes two major things. First, it encourages students to actually do the reading, something many instructors report struggling with. More importantly however, it helps students formulate thoughts about what they’ve read. This preliminary thinking can jump-start in-class discussion because students have already developed something to say.

Pre-class discussions

The Forum module is an activity where students and teachers exchange ideas asynchronously by posting comments. While using an online discussion tool as a way to increase in-class participation may seem counter intuitive, it can actually be a valuable addition to your teacher toolkit. Use forums to prime for face-to-face discussion by assigning small specific tasks to quiet students. Using forums in this way sets the stage for participation by acknowledging the value of student contributions and empowering all students to find their voice.

Short online quizzes

It seems a safe bet that the more students know about a given subject, the more likely it is they will contribute to the conversation. Consider creating short online quizzes for each assigned reading set, encouraging students to delve into the reading, better preparing them for a discussion on the material. The assessment should outline discussion topics and flag important information for students, acting as a guide for the upcoming class session. Moodle’s Quiz feature allows you to design assessments using a variety of question types. To help balance the workload, consider those that are automatically graded for this LTA.


Stimulate student thinking prior to the in-class discussion with a quick polling activity. The Choice activity is very simple Moodle tool wherein the teacher asks a question and specifies a choice of multiple responses. A well-designed question can force students to reflect on their thoughts or take a position on a given topic, establishing a well thought out starting point for their in-class contributions.


Sometimes, drawing shy or quiet students into a conversation is as simple as letting them know they are not invisible and that their contributions are worthwhile. After the unit assessment, for example, you might message one of your less than engaged students to tell them that you enjoyed reading their essay, that you look forward to seeing what parallels they draw from that topic to the current one, and that you can’t wait to hear what they have to share during the upcoming discussion. Consider using the Messages block to send students these ego boosts.

Learning is not a spectator sport. As content consumers, I encourage you to own each learning opportunity. Ask questions. Consider your classroom, your students and your teaching style when incorporating ideas into your teacher toolkit. Remember, technology, in and of itself, does not make for a better learning environment. It is the way that instructors strategically employ the tool that can make for a more engaging teaching and learning experience.

Edit (4/11/2012): On the recommendation of the North Carolina natives in the office, the image on this post was changed to North Carolina’s own Ghost Town in the Sky.

Photo by Photobucket user Thunger-Pig

Also posted in Moodle, Moodle Musings, Teaching and Learning | Comments Off on Improving in-class discussion using Moodle tools – part 1

Encourage class-wide participation with Moodle Forums

Image of Speech BubblesA Moodle forum, similar to Blackboard’s discussion boards, is an asynchronous communication activity used to discuss various course topics.  There are several types of forums and different purposes for each.

Choosing the right forum

Standard Forum is best suited for large discussions monitored by the instructor, or for social forums facilitated by students.  A standard forum may have numerous threads and require frequent monitoring to weave threads together when commenting. It is also the best forum if there are files or resources to be uploaded.

Simple Forum is best for a brief discussion on a single topic. This forum is superior to keep students focused on a narrow topic or issue since the instructor asks only one question.

Each person posts one discussion allows each student to start one discussion topic but they can still read and respond to peer postings.  An example is posting a document for peer review and feedback.

Question and Answer Forum encourages independent thinking.  Instructors post the question and students must respond before viewing responses from peers; once a response is posted students can see course responses.  This is ideal for controversial issues or topics where you want the student to take a position.

Tips for robust discussions

  • Set rules and standards for good netiquette with the first post
  • Ask questions focused on knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation
  • Encourage interactions between:  instructor to student, student to content, and student to student
  • Require students to provide substantial posts backed up with class information, readings and resources
  • Set up a forum where students can post their murkiest point anonymously
  • Incorporate external websites links to maintain current discussions
  • Assign discussion groups to create a product such as:  a quiz for the class, write a response to an author, compose a critique of a reading, brainstorm a topic, create a journal article review, compare and contrast an issue, reinforce procedures or processes by asking them to relate it to daily life, or respond to a case study

Tips for summarizing forums

The standard forum is an ideal forum to assign each student in the course an opportunity to summarize daily posts at a specified time, searching for trends and common threads and tying them together in the summary.

  • Summarize the important points in the forum weekly in the news forum
  • Alternate postings by assigning students to respond every other week
  • Assign students to summarize discussion points
  • Create mind maps that show connections and relationships to use as summaries posted in the news forum

Evaluating forum responses

Here is a simple rubric developed by Middle Tennessee State University, to use as a guideline when evaluating forum responses. Click on the image below to open a PDF file of the rubric.

Forum Rubric for Moodle

Photo by Flickr user Marc Wathieu / Creative Commons licensed BY-NC 2.0

About the author

Cheri Crabb, PhD, Academic Technology Consultant with TLT, has a career in academia focused on instructional design and development using integrated electronic media systems for blended learning.

Also posted in collaboration, forum, Moodle, Moodle Musings, online, rubric, Teaching and Learning | Comments Off on Encourage class-wide participation with Moodle Forums