The Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure- A 2018 Update

Posted on: March 8, 2018 | By: kvanpatten | Filed under: Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure, Predictive

The Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure: A predictor of outcome following arterial ischemic stroke.  This is a review of a recently published article, The Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure: A predictor of outcome following arterial ischemic stroke.   Article Summary: Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure (PSOM) is commonly used throughout pediatric hospitals as a standardized neurologic outcome measure for pediatric stroke. The PSOM has been validated for this population, however the long-term predictive value is largely unknown. This article mentions that the “predictive value of the PSOM at 1-month after AIS has not previously been reported.” The purpose of this article was to evaluate the relationship between neurologic outcomes at 1-month post pediatric arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) as well as motor and adaptive behavior outcomes at 12-months. They also measured the PSOM at 4 time points within the first year following AIS. This was a single-site, prospective, longitudinal observational cohort study in which children…

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Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure- A 2018 Update

Posted on: March 8, 2018 | By: kvanpatten | Filed under: Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure, Predictive

The Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure: A predictor of outcome following arterial ischemic stroke.  This is a review of a recently published article, The Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure: A predictor of outcome following arterial ischemic stroke.   Article Summary: Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure (PSOM) is commonly used throughout pediatric hospitals as a standardized neurologic outcome measure for pediatric stroke. The PSOM has been validated for this population, however the long-term predictive value is largely unknown. This article mentions that the “predictive value of the PSOM at 1-month after AIS has not previously been reported.” The purpose of this article was to evaluate the relationship between neurologic outcomes at 1-month post pediatric arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) as well as motor and adaptive behavior outcomes at 12-months. They also measured the PSOM at 4 time points within the first year following AIS. This was a single-site, prospective, longitudinal observational cohort study in which children…

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Parenting Stress Index (PSI) Update 3/7/2018

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: hhawkins | Filed under: Evaluative, General Information, Parenting Stress Index (PSI), T&M Tools

Parenting Stress Index Update: Cost: Kit- $262, Answer sheet (pack of 25)- $92, Profile form (pad of 25)- $32, Item Booklet (pack of 10)- $86, Manual- $92, Continuing Education Materials-$26   Information found at: https://www.wpspublish.com/store/p/2925/psi-4-parenting-stress-index-fourth-edition#purchase-product   Research Article: Li, S. T., Chiu, N. C., Kuo, Y. T., Shen, E. Y., Tsai, P. C., Ho, C. S., . . . Chen, J. C. (2017). Parenting stress in parents of children with refractory epilepsy before and after vagus nerve stimulation implantation. Pediatrics and Neonatology,58(6), 516-522. doi:10.1016/j.pedneo.2017.03.001   Literature shows that vagus nerve stimulator (VNS) implantation can decrease seizure frequency. However, parenting stress associated with VNS stimulation has not been considered. The purpose of this study was “to evaluate changes in the parenting stress level in parents of children with refractory epilepsy before and after VNS implantation.” Thirty children with refractory epilepsy who underwent VNS implantation were included in the study based on the…

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Observational Gait Scale- Update (3/7/2018)

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: cwilck | Filed under: Evaluative, General Information, Observational gait scale, T&M Tools

I have reviewed the previous posts on OGS, and the information remains up-to-date. Borel S, Schneider P, Newman CJ. Video analysis software increases the interrater reliability of video gait assessments in children with cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture. 2011; 33: 727-729. Purpose:  This study sought to determine if video analysis software improves the interrater reliability of visual gait assessment, specifically with the Observational Gait Scale (OGS), in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Study Population: Twelve children (9 males and 3 females) with CP were video recorded in an outpatient rehabilitation clinic. Age of the children ranged from 5 to 14 years old. Five children were diagnosed with bilateral spastic CP and 7 children with unilateral spastic CP. The children were able to ambulate at a self-selected pace over a linear 10 meter walkway. Videos were recorded during ambulation in both the sagittal and frontal planes. Methods: Twenty of the gait…

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DDST-II: Denver Developmental Screening Test, 2nd edition

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: medwards21 | Filed under: Discriminatory

The previously posted information about the Denver Developmental Screening Test, 2nd edition is current and up to date. Category: Discriminatory Article Review Title: Effects of home-based play-assisted stimulation on developmental performances of children living in extreme poverty: a randomized single-blind controlled trial Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if using guided play (that provides stimulation and activities of developmental growth) weekly in the home setting, specifically with at risk children living in foster homes in extreme poverty, would improve their developmental performance. Study Population: A total of 78 children participated in this study and their ages ranged from 3.5 months to just under 6 years old. The children lived in Jimma town, South West Ethiopia with a foster family that had at least one maternal figure that had received training from the foster care organization. To be classified in the “extreme poverty” category, the family had to…

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Six-Minute Walk Test Results Predict Risk of Hospitalization for Youths with Cystic Fibrosis: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: spatel25 | Filed under: Predictive, Walk tests

Donadio MCAV, Heinzmann-Filho JP, Vendrusculo FM, Frasson PX, Marostica PJ. Six-Minute Walk Test Results Predict Risk of Hospitalization for Youths with Cystic Fibrosis: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2017;182. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.11.071. The purpose of this study was to determine if the 6 minute walk test, along with multiple other variables, could predict the risk of hospitalization for pulmonary exacerbation in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis over a five year period. The other variables include anthropometry, chronic pseudomonas aeroginosa colonization, pulmonary function, and respiratory muscle strength. The evaluated values for lung function were forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV­­­­1), and forced expiratory flow 25% and 75% of FVC (FEF­25%-75%)  Of the 41 participants that were eligible for the study, only 26 participants met the inclusion criteria of being able to perform all of the required tests (satisfactory lung function, respiratory muscle strength, and…

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Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – 2

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: mhinshaw4 | Filed under: Evaluative, Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2, T&M Tools

After reviewing the test and previous posts I have found their information on test updates and procedure to be accurate and up to date with the last test update being in 2000. Category of test: Evaluative Title: Assessment of gross and fine motor skills in preschool children using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales Instrument Purpose: Identify motor development level of children aged 3-6 years old within the school system by using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – Second Edition (PDMS-2). Understanding where relative motor deficits are occurring will allow for planning activities to focus on increasing areas of need for specific children with can lead to benefits not only physically but also socially1. Study Population: 156 normally motor developing children, 82 boys and 74 girls, aged 3-6 years old with a mean age of 52.26 months. These children were all students attending four schools in Western Greece. Exclusion criteria included…

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Activity Scale for Kids: Performance Version 2018

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: kbrandt3 | Filed under: Activities Scale for Kids: Performance Version-ASK, Evaluative, T&M Tools

The former information has been reviewed. There aren’t any updates to the ASKp at this time. Sewell MD, Platinum J, Askin GN, et al. Do Growing Rods for Idiopathic Early Onset Scoliosis Improve Activity and Participation for Children? The Journal of Pediatrics. 2017;182. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.11.031. Purpose: Considering surgery is the recommended treatment for children with rapidly progressing scoliosis who have already utilized conservative interventions, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of surgery (growth rod placement) versus bracing on activity and participation. Population: Participants included 60 children (22 males, 38 females) with idiopathic early onset scoliosis between the ages of 5-10 years old. Children were included if they were the appropriate age, demonstrated progressing scoliosis (>5 deg increase in one year), and had a Cobb angle of >40 degrees.   Methods: This study was conducted over a 6 year period from 2009-2015. Participants were allotted to the brace or…

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Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition (BSID-III)

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: rbryant4 | Filed under: Bayley Scales of Infant Motor Development (BSID-II), Evaluative, T&M Tools

The previously posted information regarding the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development – III is up to date.   Article Reviewed Title: Supporting play exploration and early developmental intervention versus usual care to enhance development outcomes during the transition from the neonatal intensive care unit to home: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Authors: Stacey C. Dusing, Tanya Tripathi, Emily C. Marcinowski, Leroy R. Thacker, Lisa F. Brown and Karen D. Hendricks-Muñoz Citation: Dusing et al. BMC Pediatrics (2018) 18:46 DOI 10.1186/s12887-018-1011-4   Purpose: Current developmental services intervention protocols for pre-term infants in the NICU utilizes the “wait and see” approach when determining an infant’s ability to participate in therapeutic services. Once determined eligible to participate, these “usual care” interventions are often low-intensity and often focus on one approach; motor, cognitive, or parent-child interaction. Consequently, this usual care administered has minimal lasting effects on motor and cognitive development. In comparison, Supporting Play…

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Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COMP)

Posted on: March 7, 2018 | By: rcherry2 | Filed under: Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COMP), Evaluative

Mihee An, Robert J. Palisano, Chung-Hwi Yi, Lisa A. Chiarello, Carl J. Dunst & Edward J. Gracely (2017) Effects of a Collaborative Intervention Process on Parent Empowerment and Child Performance: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics, DOI: 10.1080/01942638.2017.1365324 The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a collaborative intervention approach on parent empowerment and child performance on a goal and to compare perspectives regarding intervention among parents and therapists. The authors hypothesized that the parents who received the collaborative intervention for six weeks would exhibit a higher mean change in scores on the adapted Family Empowerment Scale (FES) and a higher mean change in parent ratings of performance and satisfaction with performance on the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). The study population included eighteen children with physical disabilities, one parent of each of the children, and sixteen physical therapists. Children included in this study were between ages 4…

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