Bayley Scales of Infant Motor Development (BSID-II) Article Summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: kbaker18 | Filed under: Bayley Scales of Infant Motor Development (BSID-II), T&M Tools

Wang X, Carroll X, Wang H, Zhang P, Selvaraj JN and Leeper-Woodford S (2020) Prediction of Delayed Neurodevelopment in Infants Using Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials and the Bayley II Scales. Front. Pediatr. 8:485. doi: 10.3389/fped.2020.00485   The Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAEV) is used to analyze development in infants by measuring function of the central nervous system. An abnormality outside the normal BAEV range could indicate neurodevelopmental delays later on in infancy and childhood, measured by the mental development indices (MDI), a form of the Bayley II Scales.   Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship of BAEP values obtained on 6-month old infants compared to MDI values of that same child at 2 years old to compare if abnormal scores on the BAEP correlate to low MDI scores, indicating a low BAEP value could predict neurodevelopmental delays in infants and children.   Population: 195 infants…

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MABC-2 article summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: kdonaldson4 | Filed under: Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement-ABC)

The purpose of this article was the investigate the validity and reliability of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) in a sample of Croatian children from the ages 3-6 years old. 683 children participated in this study with 33 who were not included in the analyses due to not completing all parts of the test. The MABC-2 consists of testing three different areas of motor performance: balance, aiming and catching, as well as manual dexterity. Manual dexterity consists of drawing a trail, posting coins, and threading beads. Catching and aiming consists of throwing and catching a bean bag. Balance consists of one-leg balance, walking with heels raised, and jumping on the mats. For all things involving one extremity, both dominant and non-dominant limbs were tested. Interclass correlation coefficients (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM), and smallest detectable change (SDC) were collected in this research to test the reliability and…

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Peabody Developmental Motor Scale – 2 T&M Article

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: chaynes7 | Filed under: Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2, T&M Tools

The purpose of this study was to look at “gross motor developmental function outcomes of infantile and toddler survivors of pediatric intensive care units (PICU)”. This study looked at 35 children aged 1 mo – 3 yr who were hospitalized in the PICU for greater than 48 hours. The baseline gross motor function was measured using the Age and Stages Questionnaire 3 (ASQ-3). At the time of their discharge, the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales 2 was used, which will be further discussed as the test and measure for the purpose of this summary. This tool assesses “fine and gross motor skills of children aged between 0 and 71 months.” It is comprised of 4 sections assessing reflexes, stationary, locomotion, and object manipulation. Each section adds to the child’s gross motor quotient (GMQ) score. There are 7 categories to which the child then is placed based on their GMQ score (very…

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Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC-2) – Article Summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: aetherton | Filed under: Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement-ABC)

Title: Motor intervention with and without Nintendo Wii for children with developmental coordination disorder: protocol for a randomized control trial Authors: Jorge Lopes Cavalcante Neto, Bert Steenbergen, Eloisa Tudella Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is characterized by the presence of motor deviations in young children that impact daily activities including school and social participation. The purpose of this proposed study protocol is to compare the effects of motor training interventions with or without use of virtual reality (VR) technology in motor learning of children with DCD. The design of this study is a randomized control trial in which children will be allocated into one of two intervention groups. One group will participate in motor training interventions that utilize the Nintendo Wii system, and the other group will participate in comparable interventions without utilization of VR technology. For both groups, motor training activities are specifically designed to target MABC-2 domains: manual dexterity,…

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Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Article Summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: aherold | Filed under: Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), T&M Tools

PedsQL Article: Assessing gastro-intestinal related quality of life in cystic fibrosis: Validation of PedsQL GI in children and their parents Boon M, Claes I, Havermans T, et al. Assessing gastro-intestinal related quality of life in cystic fibrosis: Validation of PedsQL GI in children and their parents. PLoS One. 2019;14(12):e0225004. Published 2019 Dec 20. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0225004 Purpose: To validate a cystic fibrosis-specific quality of life questionnaire in pediatric patients with CF by comparing the PedsQL GI (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, Gastrointestinal Symptoms Scales and Module) to other QOL questionnaires such as the cystic fibrosis QOL questionnaire (CFQ-R) and visual analogue scale (VAS). Population: 248 children and their parents in Europe. The children included in the study had cystic fibrosis and ranged from 24 months to 18 years old and all had pancreatic insufficiency and were being treated with pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT). Methods: A 3 month prospective observational study with a…

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Test of Infant Motor Performance & Test of Infant Motor Performance Screening Items Article Summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: slennon2 | Filed under: Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP)

Purpose: The purpose was to determine the appropriateness of the hierarchical ordering of the test and its ability to detect variability. The researchers also wanted to determine if this test was valid and reliable with a Brazilian patient population.   Study population: Study population was comprised of 650 Brazilian infants where 349 were males and 301 were females. Of these group 168 infants were preterm and 482 were full term. Infants were excluded if they had MSK disorders, genetic syndromes, congenital malformation or were currently receiving physical therapy treatment.   Methods: A Portuguese version of the TIMP was performed on the research subjects in health units and follow up clinics. The test takes approximately 30-45 minutes to administer. The test was administered by a trained professional and video reordered.  The test has 42 items that are either categorized as observed items (OIs) or elicited items (EIs). Observed items were answered…

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Children and adolescents six minute walk test reference values article summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: mmoore47 | Filed under: T&M Tools, Walk tests

Article Title: Reference Values for the Six-Minute Walk Test in Healthy Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review   Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to compare and contrast the available reference values and six-minute walk test equation predictions in health children/adolescents across multiple studies.   Population: Of the 12 studies included in this systematic review, the total number of included participants across studies was n = 5615. Though there were difference age ranges examined in each of the 12 studies selected, the range across studies was 4-18 years of age. All studies included healthy children/adolescents without musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiovascular or respiratory disorders from 12 different countries. 10 of the 12 studies included both girls and boys. Of the remaining two studies, one examined only girls and one examined only boys.   Methods: Collection of data/studies followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Potential…

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Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2) article summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: ekane6 | Filed under: T&M Tools, Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD2)

Zhang, & Cheung. (2019). Making a difference in pe lessons: using a low organized games approach to teach fundamental motor skills in china. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(23), 4618–4618. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph162346 The purpose of this study was to describe fundamental motor skills (FMS) to children and examine how physical education (PE) lessons affect these skills. The study included 12 weeks of physical education-based intervention which included low organized games. The children included in the study were from schools in China and were between the ages of 6-9 years old. They were randomly put into either the intervention group or control group (regular PE). The children’s skills were measured using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2) which includes subtests that assess locomotor skills and object control skills. This test is reported as a reliable and valid instrument for assessing FMS in children aged between 3 and 10, making it…

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Developmental Trajectories and Reference Percentiles for the 6-Minute Walk Test for Children With Cerebral Palsy article summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: aoxner | Filed under: T&M Tools, Walk tests

In the introduction the authors discuss how inactivity is a big problem in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) compared to those with normal development, and those with other pediatric disabilities. Due to the large problem of inactivity in those with CP, different types of physical activity such as walking have been identified as good interventions to use during physical therapy. The 6MWT was discussed as an excellent way to both exercise tolerance and endurance in children who are normally developing and in those with CP in order to monitor change in function and as an outcome following surgery. Previous studies have compared the 6WMT distances for Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels 1-3. However, those studies were completed in several different countries, and had variations made to the 6 MWT. The purpose of this study was to document long term development trajectories in 6MWT distances, along with age specific…

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Review for Responsiveness of the ACTIVLIM-CP questionnaire: measuring global activity performance in children with cerebral palsy (CP)”

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: lsiska | Filed under: ACTIVLIM-CP

Citation: Paradis J, Arnould C, Thonnard J, et al. Responsiveness of the ACTIVLIM‐CP questionnaire: Measuring global activity performance in children with cerebral palsy. Developmental medicine and child neurology. 2018;60(11):1178-1185. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dmcn.13927. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.13927. The study “Responsiveness of the ACTIVLIM-CP questionnaire: measuring global activity performance in children with cerebral palsy (CP)” is an investigation aimed at evaluating the responsiveness of the ACTIVLIM-CP in two evidence-based therapeutic interventions in children with CP: motor-skill learning-intensive intervention targeting upper extremities and lower extremities (HABIT-ILE) or botulinum neurotoxin-A (BoNT-A) injection with conventional physiotherapy. Additionally, this study aimed to determine differences in the responsiveness of the ACTIVLIM-CP among different levels of the baseline gross motor function level of the participants. Overall, this study included 87 children who had a CP diagnosis, were levels I to IV on the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), completed the assessment times, and were ages 6 to 18 years old. The participants received…

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