Hawaii Early Learning Profile (HELP)

Posted on: March 11, 2015 | By: aschallhorn | Filed under: Hawaii Early Learning Profile, T&M Tools

Descriptive Information Title and date of publication: Hawaii Early Learning Profile (HELP), first published in 1995 Author : Unknown (VORT Corporation) Source: VORT (www.vort.com) Costs (booklets, forms, kit): According to the website, the HELP requires these kits/components for accurate family-centered, curriculum based assessment: Inside HELP($64.95), HELP Strands 0-3 ($3.50) or HELP Strands 0-3 Plus ($3.75), HELP at Home ($89.95) for a total of $158.40 Purpose: HELP is a comprehensive, on-going, family centered curriculum based assessment process for infants and toddlers (ages 0-3) and their families. It is used when creating goals and tailoring developmentally-appropriate interventions to meet the specific needs of children.  Another source for further explanation states HELP is a flexible curriculum-based assessment tools that identify needs, monitor growth and development, and establish a plan to address assessment results. Play-based activities and intervention strategies are utilized to encourage, support, and facilitate a wide variety of developmental skills and address…

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Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COMP) Article Summary

Posted on: February 25, 2019 | By: athomas29 | Filed under: Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COMP)

Purpose To determine the effects of Intrathecal baclofen treatment as it specifically relates to goals of performance and goals of satisfaction of performance that are set by parents or caregivers of patients (children/adolescents) who experience difficulties with various functional mobility tasks (e.g. transfers, positioning, dressing, etc.) due to spasticity and/or dystonia (which are common results of Cerebral Palsy, Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal Cord Injury, etc.). Study Population Children/Adolescents in one of six pediatric hospitals across Australia who are receiving Intrathecal baclofen therapy. Ages ranging from: 4 years, 1 month to 15 years, 11 months Mean Age: 11 years, 1 month Number of patients with Cerebral Palsy: 19 Number of patients with a genetic condition: 4 Number of patients with a brain injury: 2 Number of patients with spasticity-predominant presentation: 10 Number of patients with dystonia-predominant presentation: 2 Number of patients with combined spasticity and dystonia: 11 Number of patients with…

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Article Summary: Children Born With Congenital Zika Syndrome Display Atypical Gross Motor Development and a Higher Risk for Cerebral Palsy

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: rbeck6 | Filed under: Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS)

Citation: Marques FJP, Teixeira MCS, Barra RR, Lima FM, Dias BLS, Pupe C, Nascimento OJM, Leyser M. Children Born With Congenital Zika Syndrome Display Atypical Gross Motor Development and a Higher Risk for Cerebral Palsy. Journal of Child Neurology. 2019; 34(2): 81-85. Doi: 10.1177/0883073818811234   Purpose: The purpose of this study was to look into the potential effects of congenital Zika syndrome on overall motor development and risk of cerebral palsy using the AIMS and the Bayley III Scales alongside neuroimaging and lab testing.   Study Population: This study looked at 39 infants (23 male and 16 female) who had been diagnosed with congenital Zika syndrome. The study began at 6 months old and ended at 18 months. 30 of the initial 69 infants that were recruited were excluded due to various reasons such as irregular follow-up appointments and other conditions that would affect outcomes.   Methods: The authors initially…

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Peabody Developmental Motor Scales 2nd Edition Article Summary

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: anunnelee | Filed under: Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2

Purpose: The article by Zapata et. al. looked at 5-year olds with idiopathic clubfoot that underwent nonoperative management as an infant and reviewed gross motor development using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales 2nd Edition at a follow-up visit. Study Population: The study had 128 children with idiopathic clubfoot as infants treated nonoperatively. There were 85 males and 43 females with 66 children that had bilateral clubfeet and 62 children with unilateral clubfoot. At the beginning of the study, the Dimeglio scale was used to categorize the severity of the subjects’ clubfoot. Outcome Measures: This article utilized the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales 2nd Edition to review gross motor development. In order to acquire gross motor information, researchers specifically reviewed the stationary, locomotion and object manipulation sections. Methods/Intervention: The children were treated nonoperatively using one of two methods- Ponseti method or French functional physical therapy method. The Ponseti method used long-leg cast…

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Functional Reach Test

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: cichoku | Filed under: Functional Reach Test

The following study aimed to investigate how a combined strength and endurance training program for 8 weeks, effected functional performance in individuals with spastic Cerebral Palsy. Functional performance was determined by outcome measures such as the 6-minute walk test, 30 second sit-to-stand, 10-m walk, TUGT and the functional reach test. Researchers found that individuals who performed the 8-week combined exercise program improved in nearly all of the tested parameters. Improvements exceeded the post-test results seen in the control group, who simply continued with their Physical therapy. Researchers specifically wanted to target changes in balance, flexibility, walking ability, endurance, and lower limb strength and predicted that all of the above parameters would be positively influenced. The study was a randomized controlled trial and exclusion criteria included receiving any surgical or chemical treatment for spasticity within 3 months of the study intervention. There was an exercise group and a control group. The…

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Changes in Lower Extremity Strength May be Related to the Walking Speed Improvements in Children with Cerebral Palsy After Gait- article summary

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: lchaffin | Filed under: Walk tests

Title: Changes in Lower Extremity Strength May be Related to the Walking Speed Improvements in Children with Cerebral Palsy After Gait. Purpose: Copious amounts of research have demonstrated that gait training can improve the ability of children with spastic cerebral palsy to ambulate. The purpose of this study was to determine if lower extremity strength increases secondary to gait training is the primary physiological cause of said increased ability to ambulate. Determining if lower extremity strength increases is the primary physiological cause would allow clinicians to supplement their gait training program with a focused lower extremity strengthening program when working with children with a diagnosis of spastic cerebral palsy. Population: Children both male and female who have a diagnosis of cerebral palsy (either hemiplegic or diplegic). Ages of participants ranged from 6-17 and were a 2 or 3 on the gross motor function classification system. Methods: The participants were recruited…

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Bruininks Osteretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP)

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: scourtney4 | Filed under: Bruininks Osteretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP), T&M Tools

Zapata KA, Karol LA, Jeans KA, Jo C-H. Gross Motor Function at 10 Years of Age in Children With Clubfoot Following the French Physical Therapy Method and the Ponseti Technique. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2018;38(9). Purpose/Population/Outcome Measures: The purpose of this article was to compare and assess the gross motor skills of 183 individuals with idiopathic clubfoot that had not undergone operative treatment methods following treatment with either the PT method or Ponseti method. In an abridgment, the PT method consists of participating in physical therapy sessions 3-5 times per week for corrective measures, therapeutic exercises, taping and orthotic interventions. The Ponseti method consists of leg casting, possible percutaneous Achilles tenotomy’s (not considered an operative intervention in this article) and orthotic interventions. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, 2nd edition (BOT-2) was utilized to assess gross motor skills and is specific to evaluating children between the ages of 4 and 21…

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Gross motor skills in toddlers: Prevalence and socio-demographic differences

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: mmunoz4 | Filed under: Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2

Purpose: To examine the relationships between gross motor skills, age, gender, and socio-economic status in toddlers. The hope is to gain information which may be used in future research to actively develop gross motor skills in populations/areas of concern. Study Population: 335 children (age: 19.80 ± 4.08 months, BMI: 17.84 ± 1.69) from New South Wales, Australia. Methods: Cross sectional study was performed on a population of children who were recruited from Early Childhood Education and Care programs in New South Wales, Australia. The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales Second Edition (PDMS-2) was used to assess gross motor skills. Since the focus on this study is on gross motor skills, only the Gross Motor Skills (GMS) subset of the PDMS-2 was used. Locomotion, stability, and object manipulation subtests comprise the GMS subset. Items are scored from 0-2 based on child’s performance. A score of 2 indicates mastery of skill, while a…

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Functional Reach Test Article Summary

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: wjaffe | Filed under: Functional Reach Test, T&M Tools

Article: Reliability and comparison of trunk and pelvis angles, arm distance and center of pressure in the seated functional reach test with and without foot support in children Background: In order to maintain one’s balance during dynamic activities, and individual’s center of mass must stay within their base of support. The alignment of the trunk and pelvis are vital for maintaining appropriate sitting balance during activity. A commonly used measure of dynamic sitting balance is the ability to reach beyond an arm’s length, which can be measure utilizing the modified Functional Reach Test (FRT.) The modified FRT is typically performed in standing however, has increasingly been used while the subjects have been seated to measure the maximum amount of reaching in the anterior and lateral direction without falling. The seated modified FRT has been largely studied with foot support and with heavy emphasis on postural movements. The test-retest reliability of…

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Alberta Infant Motor Scale Article Summary

Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: hbecker2 | Filed under: Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS)

Descriptive Information: Purpose: The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) was developed by Martha Piper and Johanna Darrah in order to assess the development of motor milestones and what steps are necessary to attain them. The AIMS is also important in helping to identify “at risk” populations based on a variety of diagnoses. Cost: 50 copies at Amazon for $46.06, 50 copies at Elsevier for $48.95 Training: The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) does not have required training before administration. However, online training courses are available in order to help physical and occupational therapists in the birth to three system determine what individuals the AIMS is best intended for as well as most accurate interpretation of results. Test Type: discriminative, evaluative, observational Population: pre-term and full-term infants aged 0-18 months Revisions: A 2014 re-evaluation study of the AIMS found that the normative values established by Piper and Darrah remain appropriate when…

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Posted on: February 24, 2019 | By: jsperlak | Filed under: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL)

Study: Effects of a family-centered workshop for children with developmental delays. Authors: Wen-Huei Hsieh, Wen-Chung Lee, Ru-Lan Hsieh Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of a family-centered workshop designed for children with developmental delays. The study specifically examined the functioning and health of the children as well as the impact the workshop had on the family. Study Population: The population included 30 children with developmental delays, their parents, 57 age and sex matched children with normal development, and their parents. Criteria to be included in the 30 children with developmental delays included: aged 18-36 months, first diagnosed developmental delay being a speech delay, participant on the wait list to receive intervention services but has not received any services yet, and an availability to attend a 2-hour workshop weekly for 6 weeks. Methods and Outcome Measures: The 30 children and their families participated in a 2-hour…

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