CPCHILD Review and Article Summary

Posted on: March 1, 2021 | By: lsolomon2 | Filed under: Caregiver Priorities and Child Health index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD), T&M Tools

Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD)  CPCHILD Questionnaire1: Authors: Unni G. Narayanan Shannon Weir Darcy Fehlings Publisher: The Hospital for Sick Children & Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital (150 Kilgour Rd. Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4G 1R8)1 Costs (questionnaire PDF): Free for non-commercial use such as education or clinical use; quotes provided on a per-project basis for research2 Purpose: Measure of caregivers’ perspectives on health status, functional limitations, and well-being of children with cerebral palsy (CP) who are more involved (nonambulatory; Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) IV & V)3. Measures caregiver’s perspective about the child’s health status, comfort, wellbeing, functional abilities and ease of caregiving. Identify areas that are impairing the child’s quality of life (QOL), determine what is most important to the child and caregiver, and monitor the child’s progress in a way that is meaningful to the family2. Type of Test: Evaluative instrument to measure change…

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Article Summary “Assessment of motor development using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale in full-term infants” Kepenek-Varol et al

Posted on: March 1, 2021 | By: balford2 | Filed under: Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), T&M Tools

The purpose of this study was to determine if the norms of Canadian infants could be representative of Turkish infant development up to 18 mo. The study consisted of 411 full term, Turkish infants (195 female, 216 male) weighing at least 2500 g. The study excluded infants problems during or around birth that may cause developmental delays. The AIMS was used to evaluate each infant once by a PT with at least 8 years of experience. The evaluation took place in a quiet room with parent(s) present while the infant wore light clothing. Toys were used to prompt infants to assume different positions/movements. The mean AIMS scores, standard deviations, and percentiles were determined for each category. These results were then compared to the Canadian infant normative values using a one-sample t-test. Overall, the Canadian norms were higher in several groups but were only found to be statistically significant in 2…

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An Assessment of the Motor Performance Skills of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Gulf Region

Posted on: March 1, 2021 | By: jboyle6 | Filed under: Bruininks Osteretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP), T&M Tools

Author: Rehab H. Alsaedi Citation: Alsaedi, R. H. (2020). An assessment of the motor performance skills of children with autism spectrum disorder in the Gulf region. Brain Sciences, 10(9), 607. doi:10.3390/brainsci10090607 Purpose: The author’s purpose was to identify ratios of motor impairments in kids with ASD to those who didn’t. They also looked to determine if there are difference in motor performance in children with ASD to normally developing children. Finally they wanted to determine how chronological age affected motor performance in those with ASD. Study population: The study population consisted 119 children with ASD and a control group of 30 typically developing children. All children were between the ages of 6-12 y.o. All subjects were also from three Gulf States. Methods/outcome measures: This study was designed as an observational study, using a cross sectional design. Once participants were choses, ASD questionnaires were used to confirm the children’s diagnosis. These…

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“Improving balance, mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with cerebral palsy: A case report” Article Summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: slewis19 | Filed under: T&M Tools, Timed Up and Down Stairs (TUDS)

Purpose: To examine the effects of an 11-week physical therapy program with an intervention emphasis on task-oriented activities for improving functional mobility, address systems that limit functional mobility, and exhibit the effects of dual tasking during dynamic balance activities.   Study population: This was a case report on single subject ­– a 15-year-old female that has been diagnosed with spastic triplegic cerebral palsy (CP).   Methods: The second author, a Pediatric Clinical Specialist who has worked with adolescents and children with CP for over 28 years, performed the examinations on the subject. The first author conducted the interventions.   Outcome measures: Outcome measures utilized in this case report include the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), the Muscle Power Sprint Test (MPST), the 10 x 5-meter sprint test, the Timed Up and Down Stairs Test (TUDS), the Gillette Functional Assessment Questionnaire, and the Gross Motor Function…

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“Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) in Fragile X Syndrome” Article Summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: hjanssen | Filed under: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL)

The purpose of this article was to evaluate the quality of life in children with fragile X syndrome using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. The population studied in this article was comprised of children between the ages of 5 and 17 years old who have full mutation fragile X syndrome. Parents of children with fragile X syndrome completed the PedsQL online using SurveyMonkey. They were selected for the study through a nationwide email sent by the National Fragile X Foundation. Parents completed the Parent Report for Children Version of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and Cognitive Functioning Scale as well as the PedsQL Family Impact Module. Researchers stated that the strongest correlation that was found was between the caregiver quality of life and family quality of life. Between the five dimensions of health for the child they stated that the strongest correlation found was between Cognitive and School…

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Sensory Integration and Perceptual-Motor Profiles in School-Aged Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: lblackwood | Filed under: Bruininks Osteretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP), T&M Tools

Title: Sensory Integration and Perceptual-Motor Profiles in School-Aged Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder Authors: Yee-Pay Wuang, Chien-Ling Huang, Hsien-Yu Tsai Purpose: The study examined the sensory integration and perceptual-motor performances within elementary school children aged 5–12 years with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Study Population: The population of this study consisted of 117 children with ASD, including 75 males and 42 females. All of the children in this study were between 5 to 13 years. Methods: The inclusion criteria consisted of the participants being elementary school age (5–13 years), physicians, and no serious physical or behavioral problems. The exclusion criteria consisted of participants with concurrent sensory impairments (for example, blindness and/or deafness). SPSS20 was used for all data analyses in the present study. MANOVA (multiple analysis of variance) was used in order to analyze the age and sex effects within the measures. Outcome Measures: The Bruininks–Oseretsky of Motor Proficiency – Second…

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Association between 9-minute walk/run test and obesity among children and adolescents: evidence for criterion-referenced cut-points – article summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: mmarazzi | Filed under: Walk tests

Title: Association between 9-minute walk/run test and obesity among children and adolescents: evidence for criterion-referenced cut-points. Authors: Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Justin J. Lang, Edio L. Petroski, Julio B. Mello, Adroaldo C.A Gaya and Mark S. Tremblay Monitoring aerobic fitness in the pediatric population is an important metric used to estimate overall health in children. Field-based tests, such as the 9-minute walk/run test, have been regularly used to measure the aerobic capacity of children as these tests have been previously determined reflect physical fitness levels. However, the literature describes a variety of definitions for appropriate cut-point to distinguish healthy and unhealthy aerobic fitness capacities. These inconsistencies pose a challenge for those evaluating aerobic fitness in children. Past studies have demonstrated that obesity in children is inversely related to aerobic fitness capacity. Therefore, the authors of this study sought to define an appropriate criterion-referenced cut-point in children and adolescence for the…

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Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF) article summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: kcashman3 | Filed under: Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF)

Purpose: Th purpose of this study was to test the model of factors influencing the rate of Iranian children with cerebral palsy participation in leisure activities. CHIEF was specifically used to assess environment in regards to being unsupportive physically, socially, or attudinally, in the domains of policies, physical & structural [environment], school & work, attitudes & supports, and services & assistants. Study Population: 232 children, ages 6-14, with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy Methods: parents completed all questionnaires, with the exception of CAPE, which was completed by the children, with help from a caregiver if needed Outcome measures: Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE), Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF), Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Family Environmental Scale (FES) Intervention: None. Participants and parents filled out questionnaires. Results: main result was the importance of family-related factors, the role of family intellectual-cultural orientation, and family preferences to engage in…

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Limitations of 6-minute Walk Test Reference Values for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: amaddox2 | Filed under: Walk tests

Purpose: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is frequently used to assess the ambulatory function in those with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). With the trajectory of the disease showing improvements in gait patterns as treatments have become more effective, it is important that we are using appropriate healthy reference range values for the 6MWT to adequately assess progression in this population. This article aims to determine an appropriate healthy reference range to use for individuals with SMA.   Study Population: Nine articles were chosen for the systematic review after the inclusion and exclusion process. Of the 9 articles chosen, 3 viewed a healthy pediatric population (age range 3-19) and 6 viewed a healthy adult population (age range 20-81).   Methods: The researchers performed a systematic review of articles attempting to determine normative values for the 6MWT on healthy adults and/or children. The studies chosen for the review were selected from PubMed…

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Gross Motor Function Measure – Article Summary

Posted on: February 28, 2021 | By: jdavis81 | Filed under: Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)

Title: Impact of Resistance Therapy on Motor Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Authors: Luisa Collado-Garrido, Paula Parás-Bravo, Pilar Calvo-Martín, and Miguel Santibáñez-Margüello Purpose: The purpose of this article was to identify the effects of resistance training on children with cerebral palsy via a meta-analysis. Study Population: School-aged children ≤18 years old with cerebral palsy. Methods: A bibliographic review was performed on articles from PubMed, ISI, and PEDro related to cerebral palsy and resistance training ranged up to 2018. References from the selected articles were also manually reviewed in addition. In total, 1,795 articles were gathered from these sources, narrowed down to 15 articles following inclusion/exclusion criteria. Included articles are of controlled and non-controlled clinical trials of school-aged children (≤18) with CP, focused on resistance training-based intervention, utilizing outcome measures to describe changes in motor function before and after intervention. Outcome Measures: The Gross Motor…

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