Article Summary “Assessment of motor development using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale in full-term infants” Kepenek-Varol et al
The purpose of this study was to determine if the norms of Canadian infants could be representative of Turkish infant development up to 18 mo. The study consisted of 411 full term, Turkish infants (195 female, 216 male) weighing at least 2500 g. The study excluded infants problems during or around birth that may cause developmental delays. The AIMS was used to evaluate each infant once by a PT with at least 8 years of experience. The evaluation took place in a quiet room with parent(s) present while the infant wore light clothing. Toys were used to prompt infants to assume different positions/movements. The mean AIMS scores, standard deviations, and percentiles were determined for each category. These results were then compared to the Canadian infant normative values using a one-sample t-test. Overall, the Canadian norms were higher in several groups but were only found to be statistically significant in 2 groups (0-<1 and 2-<3). The study consisted of a sizable population from a populous metropolis that consist of a immigrants from several other cities in the country. However, he results cannot be generalized for all of Turkey since the infants were all from one city. In addition, the group that had a statistically significant difference also had fewer items to evaluate which might have led to the difference in scores. This study has determined that the AIMS can be utilized by PTs in Turkey and this study should prompt other counties to follow suit to draw more reliable conclusions.
Citation: Kepenek-Varol, B., Torun, E. M. E. L., Varol, S., & Hoşbay, Z. (2020). Assessment of motor development using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale in full-term infants.