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Post Fall Break Update

This week due to Fall Break, we only met for class on Wednesday. However, a lot was accomplished during this time as people took advantage of the free time to learn about Namibia and post to our Moodle discussion board. The discussion board and news forum are incorporated in our curriculum and serve as assignments that keep us constantly paying attention to and thinking about Namibia. It is becoming clear that Periclean Scholars requires a lot of learning outside of class.

In class on Wednesday we addressed Periclean Cards, and we are happy to announce that we have them for sale. Talk to any member of the class of 2017 to purchase one for five dollars. The Periclean Card is a wallet-sized card that offers discounts at a number of local establishments. The class of 2017 is excited to start it’s first fundraiser and many sales have already been made! We also discussed the Homecoming tailgate this Saturday. A lot of the class is planning on attending, and it will be a great opportunity for us to connect with upperclass Periclean Scholars and alumni. We briefly discussed the progress of our elevator speech, especially logistics. Afterwards, we split into our separate research groups.

Next week we look forward to hearing from our classmates as they present their findings in their separate research groups from a variety of topics regarding Namibia. From government, culture, environment and economy the students have been hard at work learning about their topic and preparing to teach the rest of the class. These projects are key to achieving our goals of learning about Namibia, narrowing our focus, and preparing us to make conscious decisions in the future.


Susan Reynolds and Kendra Sterneck

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Gay and Transgender Rights in Namibia

Yesterday, during class, I was speaking to Carol about the video, How Namibia’s Leader Turned into it’s oppressor, and just the shock that I was in because of it.  Of course I have heard of the homophobic views and even laws in African countries but for some reason, when I found out that a lot of Namibians in government had homophobic views, I was disappointed.  I didn’t mean to be disappointed, I just thought that things may be different for a country that fought so long for their freedom. What shocked me the most was the blatancy of the president of Namibia, Sam Nujoma’s, hatred for homosexuals in his speeches. One thing that did intrigue my attention is that, in 2001, during the most oppressive times for those who considered themselves homosexuals, Namibia had their first gay pride parade. And nobody was arrested or injured which made this parade even more of a success! It took one person to speak out on the hate speeches for an army of supporters to come out and march along with them. Now, in 2014, there is still tension when talking about gay rights in Namibia.

Often times politics try and put gay rights in the same umbrella as transgender right. An article in the The Namibian titled, Transgender individuals struggle to access health facilities, discusses the trials and tribulations citizens who identify as transgender endure on a consistent basis. The author noted that, “Transgender people are not well received in the public health sector. There is still a lot of prejudice going on,” says Eiseb, who was diagnosed with HIV at the age of 30” (Tjihenuna). In addition, identification as transgender or gay is very much so frowned upon in Namibia. There are no laws to protect the rights of gays, lesbians, and transgender people. Not only do these individuals experience maltreatment they also are actively destructed by the Namibian government. The author stated, “Director of Rights not Rescue, Nicodemus Aochamub, who has been very vocal about the rights of the transgender community in Namibia says that Lesbian, Gay Bi-sexual and Transsexual (LGBT) people will continue to be persecuted in Namibia, unless the anti-homosexuality laws are revisited” (Tjihununa). Both LGBT and transgender rights are important sects of modern day societies which makes it even more important for political figures and citizens to respect. Now, reflecting on this, I ask the question, what can we, as Periclean Scholars, do to help this situation from escalating? Gay and transgender rights must be discussed. That is why Devon and I chose to bring up this topic to get everyone who is reading this thinking about it.

                                             Works Cited

Tjihenuna, Theresia T. “Transgender Individuals Struggle to Access Health Facilities.” The Namibian. CEIT Development Namibia, 11 Oct. 2014. Web. 11 Oct. 2014.

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Visit from Suyapa

We had the pleasure of talking with Suyapa at our class on Tuesday. We had a really good conversation with her, about the work she does in the local communities, as well as her personal experiences which have shaped her generosity today. Suyapa hosts spanish classes for children (between the ages of 7-16) on saturday mornings to learn the mechanics of spanish. She started this program because she noticed in our community that children with spanish as their predominant language struggled to read and write it because it wasn’t being taught in schools.  With this program in mind, we are going to have members of our class attend a saturday session and see if we could be helpful in any way! We are looking into volunteering to help the children strengthen their spanish writing/reading skills, as well as possibly teaching the families english!

We also talked to Suyapa about LUPE (Latinos Unidos Promoviendo la Esperanza).  LUPE is an organization that seeks out to strengthen the Latin American community in our area.  They offer various educational sessions that families can attend. One of the pivotal focus points of LUPE is education about nutrition, which Suyapa is very passionate about.

Here are some links for more information about LUPE, it’s a great organization and we encourage you all to check them out!

https://www.facebook.com/lupenc and http://www.lupe-nc.org/


Posted in Class of 2016: Honduras | 1 Comment

Class of 2017 Update: A Productive Week

This week, Sarah Reynolds and I thought it would be important to highlight everything we have accomplished this week because we both felt this was one of our more productive weeks since we began this year!

On Monday, we broke up into small groups and discussed our own progress and when we all thought the project should be due. After each group discussed their own topics and how we wanted to eventually present it to the class, the class got back together and we agreed on when we will start presenting our information. Our group work took most of the class time, which was very helpful because we feel that every group has made significant organizational strides which will really make these projects useful references for later on in the year!

On Wednesday, we heard from Jamie Smedsmo who was in the Peace Corps in Namibia.  She shared pictures, experiences, and thoughts from her time there as a teacher.  Seeing recent pictures and hearing about first-hand issues she observed allowed us to think more about all the many different issues we can focus on in Namibia. She also shared with us cultural and societal aspects that none of us had heard yet or might not have been able to find otherwise! For example, she emphasized the importance of not using your left hand to when greeting or interacting with others because that hand it considered “unclean.”  Also, she briefly discussed taboo topics and typical situations we might find ourselves in when we first arrive.  We thought this was VERY productive because we were able to ask any questions that we had, which actually helped direct our small group research.   She also taught us how to greet and respond to a greeting in one of the major tribe languages. Sarah and I agreed that being able to hear these facts and stories from someone is so much more  enjoyable and beneficial than reading facts on the computer or textbook. Her visit, along with previous conversations with Dr. Arcaro and Anita has made the Class of 2017 realize that connecting with those who live in Namibia and those who have been is very important to perspective and approach for the next couple of years.

Also on Wednesday we discussed out Class Video/Elevator Video.  We have been watching other Periclean videos and we also watched a video not pertaining to Periclean so that we look at all the different ways to send a visual message.  We decided on a plan for the video, but we still have to craft the message.  Cam and Oly are leading this charge because of their technological experience, but the entire class is collaborating on the overall vision.  We are very excited on having a powerful message that not only explains the attitude of our class as we begin to learn about Namibia, but also a message that captures the goals and spirit of the Periclean Scholars Program.

Lastly, the Class of 2017 has been discussing Samantha White’s visit at the end of October for Celebrating Periclean.  Samantha White was a Class of 2006 Periclean Scholar who also went to Namibia. Many Pericleans have articulated the importance of speaking with her during her visit to get a perspective from a previous Periclean, a perspective we have not listened to yet! Next week, we will order t-shirts from Namibia, continue to work on our group projects, and work on our Class Video that will be shown at Celebrating Periclean at the end of October! Overall the Class of 2017 is busy and eager to learn more about our country, Namibia!

Mary Frances Foster and Sarah Reynolds

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Update from the 2016s

The class of 2016 had a low key class today and that was probably for the best. Lately, there has been a lot of action from us, and there are a lot of Periclean events in the near future. Therefore, spending today talking and planning was time well spent.

Topics of conversation included discussing our local partner options, coming up with questions to ask of our abroad partners, talking on how to best build relationships with the other Periclean classes, ways to better gain knowledge helpful to our goals, and upcoming events on the Periclean calendar.

Next class, a member of the local community, Suyapa, who we have partnered with in the past is coming to talk to us for an hour. We will be discussing our options for local partnerships. Finding an appropriate domestic partner that is feasible to work with is important to us, so the class is looking forward to speaking with her.



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2016 Class Update

Over the past two weeks, the class has been reading Letters Left Unsent by author J. In preparation for class we answered a list of questions to begin thinking about the information in the book, and how it applies to us as individuals, and more importantly to the Periclean Scholars program. One action point that came out of this discussion was to learn more about non-western aid, because all of the books we’ve read and projects we’ve studied have come from western-minded people. The most important portion of the talk was discussing how we could use the advice and knowledge that J. offers on international aid to be smart about making decisions for our future goals.

This week we also decided which committees would remain in place this semester, and what the best way is to keep abreast of all of the long term and more immediate work for the class. We finalized the decision to have three umbrella committees: the money committee, events committee, and steering committee. The money committee will include both the former finance and fundraising committees. The events committee will split up into task forces for specific events when the need arises. The steering committee remains the same, with two representatives of the class acting as liaisons between the pan-Periclean steering committee and the class. This new structure, which we decided was best for this semester, will help us more efficiently use our time, and maximize class time.

An important part of the new syllabus revisions is the idea of accountability partners or groups within the class. This will give us more ownership over our work and help us hold each other to high standards academically and otherwise in our work. An example of how we plan to implement this is having discussion groups for books and other academic work to share perspectives readings and documentaries.

Our last big discussion for the week also related to the syllabus and how we plan to structure it this semester. It was decided that we would keep a similar syllabus to the past semester, updating the goals and objectives, expectations of the students, those not enrolled in the class, and those studying abroad. Overall it was a very productive week, and we made some important decisions on how we are going to organize ourselves this semester.

Posted in Partners-All Classes | 1 Comment

From the Director

From the Director

All Pericleans,

Many important items:

1.  I am preparing now for the annual Director’s meeting of all 29 Periclean colleges and universities that takes place next week at Carlton College in (brrr) Minnesota.  I will be updating all there on the progress of our program and, as usual, there is so much positive to talk about.  Thanks for helping making this a model program!

2.  Celebrating Periclean Scholars will take place on Wednesday, October 29th from 6-8 PM in Yeager Recital Hall.  The program will include updates from all three Classes, a state of the program update from the director, screening of the “elevator speech” videos from all three Classes and, lastly and most excitingly, Samantha White, Periclean ’06, will be our featured alumni speaker. Please put this date in your calendar!  This event is open to all members of the Class of 2018 so if you know some first year students that be a fit with Periclean Scholars please invite them to come.

3.  The information on the “Elevator Speech” video project is attached.  See this for more details or call me if you have any questions.

4.  I highly recommend that all Pericleans read  Bearing Witness: Seeing as a Form of Service by Debora Dunn, a communications faculty member at Westmont College.  I believe she captures the spirit of Periclean in this essay and that her words could be a point of departure for additional reflection on your own Class partnerships.

5.  J, the author of Letters Left Unsent – EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYis able to Skype into a discussion session -open to all- about the content of his book and I have tentatively scheduled October 22nd at 4:00 for this event.  Please let me know if you would like to moderate this discussion.

6.  Homecoming will be here soon.  Periclean Scholars will have a game day tailgate tent from 11:00-1:00 (exact location TBA) and you are all invited.  This would be a greater chance for you to connect with some Pericleans who came before you!

7.  Also on homecoming Saturday from 10:00-11:00 in GC 202 there will be a board meeting of the Periclean Foundation, a 501c3 organization created by the Class of 2012.  All current Pericleans are welcome to attend ex officio.

8.  Lastly, thank your Mentor again and continually.  She/he is giving you, our program and the entire university a massive gift by devoting their time and energies to your Class.

All the best and have a great fin de semana.

Tom Arcaro, Director


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Groups, Functionality, Tee-shirts and Other Things…

On Monday, we spent the first half of the class discussing what we had done last week while Carol was away. After giving her the 4-1-1, we picked the categories we would be working on for our midterm project. We started out with about 16 categories on the board including: politics, position within the international community, culture, environment, economy, education, history, human rights, etc. Realizing that the discussion over which topics to pick was taking longer than expected, Carol and the rest of the class decided that we needed to just take a vote on which 4 or 5 categories we would run with for the semester.

Our goal for Monday was to try and place everyone into a group so that we could have start working on the research component of our upcoming presentations. Luckily, we accomplished this goal and divided up into 5 groups.

This class got Ryan and I thinking about how we function as a group. Do we need to work on how well we work together? Is the way we make decisions the right way to go about it? Or should we be talking to Carol about a new way to make decisions in a quicker and more effective manner? Just some food for thought.

On Wednesday we had a Lumen Prize committee member, Dr. Lucinda Austin, and Sarah Vaughan, a Lumen prize winner, come to inform our class about the Lumen, a funded opportunity for students to conduct scholarly research.

We also discussed our Periclean tee shirt design again. We wanted to show Carol our design and confirm that it was “okay” with everyone. In addition to revisiting the tee shirt idea, we also revisited our discussion about the class structure.

Carol announced that in order to help speed up our class decision-making process, from now on we will be having half an hour timed discussions before the conversation is tabled. Carol also implemented the “rule” that once someone makes a point, they are not allowed to restate the same point until after everyone has spoken. Hopefully these two “rules” will help speed up our decision/ collaboration processes.

We then moved on to talk about the groups that we had set during Monday’s class period. As a class, we went over the basics of what each group would be researching and came to the conclusion that there would be some overlap amongst the groups.

After making sure that everyone approved each of the groups criteria, we took a class vote on who would be our Periclean Class speakers and began to spit ball ideas about our elevator video, which Oly and Cam will be the point people of. So, if anyone has any ideas/ comments make sure you notify them! Lastly, shout out to Devon for receiving the job at Smitty’s! We will definitely come see you!








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Guest Appearance: Tom Arcaro

This week in class we had the privilege of spending the week with Dr. Arcaro. Though we missed Carol greatly, Dr. Arcaro brought some fantastic insight and perspective into our class discussions for the week. He was the class mentor to the class of 2006 whose country of focus was also Namibia, therefore giving him a personal connection to our class.

We were still in the process of working out some of the aesthetics for our 2017 Periclean Class. We spent some time on Monday designing and choosing a T-shirt to represent our group. Following this, Dr. Arcaro opened the floor for us as a class to ask questions about Namibia in general. We got onto the topic of HIV/AIDS, which was the focus of the project for the 2006 Periclean Class in Namibia. In discussing this, we began to brainstorm potential themes for our project, a seemingly daunting task. Though we will not have an exact project proposal for quite some time, we as a class are beginning to learn about Namibia and understand how we can make a difference.

A highlight of our week was having the opportunity to see a new face, a native from Namibia, Anita Isaacs . Dr. Arcaro facilitated a Skype session with her during class where we had the opportunity to hear from her and ask a few questions. It’s exciting to know that we have such a fantastic partner already in Namibia and we think it’s safe to say we all look forward to getting to know Anita and learn from her. Below is a picture of us skyping with Anita but due to a broken blind it is a little hard to see…still a really cool and unique experience.

We concluded our time this week watching the documentary created by the ’06 Periclean Class called “ A Measure of Humanity: HIV/AIDS in Namibia“. This gave us an overview of the effects that HIV/AIDS has on Namibia. A few things we learned is that AIDS is not just a health issue but is an issue of education, poverty, stigma, gender, and justice.

We are excited to have Carol back as well as to start really learning about Namibia!

Kelsey Lane and Dani Baker


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Considerations as we seek to deepen our understanding….

“First of all, we must care deeply about all humankind.  Next, we need to have an insatiable desire to learn about the world around us.  Finally, we must know that only by working together -as Pericleans and as partners- can we move positively toward our common goals.”


Considerations as we seek to deepen our understanding

Our mission
The overarching goal of our program is to respond in the most robust and meaningful way possible to the words in Elon’s Mission Statement that read in part, “We integrate learning across the disciplines and put knowledge into practice, thus preparing students to be global citizens logowoborder
and informed leaders motivated by concern for the common good.”  

The Periclean Scholars program represents a unique academic pathway that facilitates students -as members of a cohort- to do long-term and sustainable work on significant global social/environmental issues typically in partnership with people and organizations on the ground in their country of focus.  To emphasize:  Pericleans never do service for our country of focus or our partners but rather service with these people and organizations.  Our approach is described in the Periclean Pledge, a legacy of the Class of 2010:

We pledge to…

  • Listen to our partnering communities, acknowledging they often have the best solutions to local problems.
  • Learn about our partner communities’ history and traditions, to better engage in culturally-aware dialogue.
  • Assist our partners in community-run development projects that will enable their long-term success.
  • Responsibly study, document, and publicize our partner communities’ needs and desires.
  • Be committed to building life long sustainable partnerships, recognizing they take hard work and dedication.
  • Embrace our lifelong journey of global citizenship through intellectual and personal growth.

This pledge reflects the sentiment of Lily Walker, an aboriginal woman who said, “If you come here to help me, then you are wasting your time. But if you come here because your liberation is bound up in mine, then let us begin.”  Indeed, as global citizens we are keenly aware that all humans are our brothers and sisters and our fates are indeed interconnected, we share a common humanity.  Framed with this understanding, our quest as Pericleans must always be to work toward moving ourselves and our partners along pathways to lives of dignity while at the same time realizing that our collective dignity as humans is in play.  Justice can never mean “just us.”

I wrote this two years ago about our Pledge:

I have been watching with keen interest the Kony2012 controversy unfold both on the Internet and here on campus and have been generally pleased by the depth of conversation that has ensued as one writer after another has critically dissected the actions of Invisible Children. I recently read The Atlantic article by Teju Cole entitled “White Savior Industrial Complex” and immediately imagined how our program would measure up to his scathing observation that, “The White Savior Industrial Complex is not about justice. It is about having a big emotional experience that validates privilege.” As I reflected on each Periclean Scholars Class – both past and present – I felt WISCconfident that each has lived up to our Periclean Pledge that, in my reading, is the demonstrative opposite of the “White Savior Industrial Complex.” Our program stands as an exemplar of a culturally mindful and rigorous approach to fulfilling our duties as global citizens and as meaningful partners to our friends and colleagues around the world. In Saviors and Survivors, Mahmood Mamdani provides a deep background behind the “Save Darfur” movement and foreshadows the Kony2012 controversy. From his introduction: “In contrast to those who suggest that we act as soon as the whistle blows, I suggest that, even before the whistle blows we ceaselessly try to know the world in which we live — and act. Even if we must act on imperfect knowledge, we must never act as if knowing is no longer relevant.” (p. 6)

I feel confident that if either Cole or Mamdani were to examine our program they would see that we proceed in all cases with eyes open, ready to “know the world” and thus be true global citizens committed to the common good of all humanity.

Being a Periclean
The process of deepening our understanding of what it means to be a Periclean is ongoing and demands constant and rigorous reflection and research. We must always

  • ceaselessly learn more about global social issues in general and specifically about the issue(s) facing our countries of focus
  • probe more deeply into not only the symptoms of the problems generated by these issues but the many root causes as well, that is, look not only at the what but squarely at the why
  • be educated about the latest research and news related to issues facing our country of focus and be able to communicate this information both formally and publicly in both word and in writing
  • be informed about the actions and approaches of the people and organizations who are already addressing the issues facing your country of focus
  • act on addressing issues exclusively from a solid base of knowledge and fully informed of all consequences, both intended and unintended

These last two bullet points are the focus below.

Global citizens as humanitarians
As Director, I have devoted a good deal of my research and writing energies in the last decade to leaning more about what it means to be a global citizen and to act on knowledge about global social issues.  Our program is, in one sense, a multi-pronged NGO doing both aid and development work around the world.  As each Class begins to partner with people and organizations dealing with the issues in their country they have the serious responsibility to vet -and be vetted  by- these people and organizations.  This vetting process must ask the hard questions, examining factors such as mission statement, overall transparency of operations, sustainability plans and practices, and, critically, cultural sensitivity and thoughtfulness with which any aid or development work is done.  This vetting involves constant research that must remain a central focus of any Class.

I have read a good deal about the humanitarian aid sector and am now collaborating on research about the views of aid workers around the world. My collaborator, J, is the author of Letters Left Unsent, a recommended read for all Pericleans. I invite you to read through our blog Mongoand learn from the over 900 humanitarian aid workers that responded to our survey.  Particularly relevant might be the post on “MONGO’s ” (My Own NGO).

At bare minimum each Periclean and her Class must clearly understand that there is a tremendous difference between “giving” and “partnering.”  When you give to a cause, for example donate cans of soup to the local shelter or send a check to aid the hungry in Honduras, this is a meaningful act, and these actions can, at times, be better than not doing those acts of charity.  But partnering is more.  More meaningful, more difficult, and more time consuming.  Here is a summary of the differences and similarities:


“Giving” “Partnering”
Fast? Yes No
Easy? Yes No
Helpful to others? Sometimes yes, with many, many qualifications. Yes, with qualifications
A meaningful connection? No.  Just the opposite. Yes, if done right
Culturally sensitive Frequently not Done right, yes!


Doing bad by doing good?
The literature on the history and nature of humanitarian aid and development work is growing rapidly, much like the field itself.  There continues to be a robust -though largely unresolved- discussion of how best to proceed with aid.  The Jeffery Sacks [The End of Poverty] versus William Easterly [White Man's Burden] tug of war is instructive and a close read of their works leaves one better informed but ultimately, I think not entirely clear as to the proper direction of the humanitarian aid world.  I write about this in the aid worker voices blog; check here for my thoughts on Sachs and here for some of my thoughts about this and other related issues.

There are many books and articles that are critical and cautionary with regard to humanitarian efforts, many of them focusing on the motivation of the people who believe they are helping.  Below I list and discuss some useful examples.

In The Road to Hell Michael Maren writes, “The starving African exists as a point in space from which we measure our own wealth, success, and prosperity, a darkness against which we can view our own cultural triumphs.  And he serves as a handy object of our charity.  He is evidence that we have been blessed, and we have an obligation to spread that blessing.  The belief that we can help is an affirmation of our own worth in the grand scheme of things.”  The Atlantic article by Teju Cole mentioned above describing the “white savior industrial complex” is a restatement of Maren’s observation.  Both Cole and Maren owe debt to a thinker more from my generation, the Austrian philosopher and social critic Ivan Illich.

In an address to the Conference on InterAmerican Student Projects (CIASP) in CuernavacaMexico, on April 20, 1968 Illich raises the issueIllich of doing unintentional harm, “… the Peace Corps spends around $10,000 on each corps member to help him adapt to his new environment and to guard him against culture shock. How odd that nobody ever thought about spending money to educate poor Mexicans in order to prevent them from the culture shock of meeting you?”  

Here Illich anticipates many contemporary critics of  so-called voluntourism:  “There exists the argument that some returned volunteers have gained insight into the damage they have done to others – and thus become more mature people. Yet it is less frequently stated that most of them are ridiculously proud of their “summer sacrifices.”  I do not agree with this argument. The damage which volunteers do willy-nilly is too high a price for the belated insight that they shouldn’t have been volunteers in the first place.”

Though he makes some points with which I might disagree, Robert Lupman’s Toxic Charity provides some examples and discussion of what might be seen as “doing bad by doing good”.  In this blog post J presents a taxonomy of arguments in favor of bad aid that we hear -and even voice ourselves- frequently. His critiques are sharp but merit close reading, and the pith of his argument is here: “Aid is a profession. It just is. It’s possible to hurt people by getting it wrong.”  Through the lens of his and Lupman’s arguments I can only wonder how own Periclean efforts would be perceived, not to mention the myriad “service trips” taken by Elon students every fall and spring break.

This recent article by Debora Dunn (Bearing Witness: Seeing as a Form of Service) effectively summaries many of the messages in James Dawes book That the World May Know.  Dunn offers many nuanced cautions and presents some good suggestions specifically in reference to study travel through universities.  She encourages us to “think about service in which students do not descend from on high, but rather come alongside.” For his part, Dawes presents this thought:  “This contradiction between our impulse to heed trauma’s cry for representation and our instinct to protect it from representation — from invasive staring, simplification, dissection — is a split at the heart of human rights advocacy.” [emphasis in original]  He goes on further to state “The disconcerting paradox of humanitarian work is this:  it is sometimes impossible to distinguish between the desire to help others from the desire to amplify the self, to distinguish between altruism and narcissism.”  Challenging words, those.

Concluding thoughts?
Being a Periclean Scholar is a process that involves constant learning, growing and, hence, ongoing reassessment of intent and action both as an individual and as a Class.  Please take all of the above as a point of departure for reflection as you move forward.

Here are some books that I would consider “must reads.”  Please let me know if you have suggestions for additional reading.

Books related to humanitarianism:

  • Abu-Sada, Caroline (ed.). In the Eyes of Others: How People in Crisis Perceive Humanitarian Aid, Doctors Without Borders, 2012.
  • Barnett, Michael. The Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism, Cornell University, 2011.
  • Bortolotti, Dan. Hope in Hell: Inside the World of Doctors Without Borders, Firefly Books, 2010.
  • Burnett, John. Where Soldiers Fear to Tread: A Relief Worker’s Tale of Survival, New York: Bantam Books, 2005.
  • Cain, Ken, Postlewait, Heidi and Thomson, Andrew. Emergency Sex (And Other Desperate Measures), Miramax Books, 2004.
  • Corbett, Steve and Fikkert, Brian. When Helping Hurts: How to Alleviate Poverty Without Hurting the Poor and Yourself, Moody Publishers, 2009.
  • Coyne, Christopher. Doing Bad By Doing Good: Why Humanitarian Action Fails, Stanford University Press, 2013.
  • Dawes, James. That the World May Know: Bearing Witness to Atrocity. Harvard University Press, 2007.
  • Easterly, William. The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good, Penguin Press, 2006.
  • Easterly, William. The Tyranny of Experts: Economists, Dictators, and the Forgotten Rights of the Poor Penguin Press, 2014.
  • Farah, Nuruddin. Gifts, Penguin, 1999.
  • Farmer, Paul. Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor, University of California Press, 2003.
  • Farmer, Paul. Haiti after the earthquake, New York: Public Affairs, 2011.
  • Greitens, Eric. The Heart and the Fist: The Education of a Humanitarian and the Making of a Navy Seal, Mariner Books, 2011.
  • Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold’s Ghost: The Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa, Mariner Books, 1999.
  • Katz, Johnathan. The Big Red Truck Went By: How the World Cane to Save Haiti and Left Behind a Disaster, Palgrave, 2013.
  • Lupton, Robert. Toxic Charity: How Churches and Charities Hurt Those They Help, HarperOne (Harper-Collins Publishers), 2011.
  • Magone, Claire, Neuman, Michael, Weissman, Fabrice (eds.) Humanitarian Negotiations Revealed: The MSF Experience, Columbia University Press, 2011.
  • Mamdani, Mahmood. Saviors and Survivors: Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror, Doubleday, 2009.
  • Maren, Michael.  The Road to Hell:  The Ravaging Effects of Foreign Aid and International Charity, New York: The Free Press, 1997.
  • Moyo, Dambisa. Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is a Better Way for Africa, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2009.
  • Orbinski, James. An Imperfect Offering: Humanitarian Action for the Twenty-First Century, Walker & Company, 2008.
  • Polman, Linda. War Games (Crisis Caravan): The Story of Aid and War in Modern Times, Penguin Books, 2010.
  • Reiff, David. A Bed For the Night: Humanitarianism in Crisis, Simon & Shuster, 2002.
  • Sachs, Jeffery. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, Penguin Press, 205.
  • Singer, Peter. The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to End World Poverty, Random House, 2009.
  • Stearns, Jason. Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa, Public Affairs, 2011.
  • Temple-Raston. Justice on the Grass: Three Rwandan Journalists, Their Trial for War Crimes, and a Nation’s Quest for Redemption, New York: Free Press, 2005
  • Wright, Jeff (J). Missionary, Mercenary, Mystic, Misfit, Evil Genius Publishing, LLC, 2013.
  • Wright, Jeff (J). Disastrous Passion: A Humanitarian Romance Novel, Evil Genius Publishing, LLC, 2013.
  • Wright, Jeff(J). Honor Among Thieves, Evil Genius Publishing, LLC, (forthconing)2014.
  • Wright, Jeff (J). Letters Left Unsent, Evil Genius Publishing, LLC, 2014.

Some recent articles related to voluntourism:

– http://www.psmag.com/navigation/business-economics/instagrammingafrica-narcissism-global-voluntourism-83838/

– http://www.npr.org/blogs/goatsandsoda/2014/07/31/336600290/as-volunteerism-explodes-in-popularity-whos-it-helping-most

– http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2014/4/volunter-tourismwhitevoluntouristsafricaaidsorphans.html

– http://travel.cnn.com/explorations/life/richard-stupart-voluntourism-does-more-harm-good-260269

– http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tag/voluntourism/

– http://www.theonion.com/articles/6day-visit-to-rural-african-village-completely-cha,35083/?ref=auto

– http://carolkean.wordpress.com/2014/07/15/voluntourism-volunteering-for-photo-ops-resume-boosting/

– http://www.huffingtonpost.com/pippa-biddle/little-white-girls-voluntourism_b_4834574.html?ncid=fcbklnkushpmg00000063






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